Data on the patterns of upward career mobility into the professional classes for people aged 25 to 44 in the UK, by socio-economic background.
Summary main findings
Data from 2014 to 2021 shows that men and women aged 25 to 44 years from professional socio-economic backgrounds are more likely to work in professional occupations.
People’s chances of working in the professional classes increased between 25 to 35 years old, and then slowed in their late 30s and early 40s. The increase was greater for young people from professional backgrounds.
Visualisation for by sex
Probability of access to the professional classes by socio-economic background, sex and age, controlling for survey year (UK, 2014 to 2021 combined)
Click or tap on legend items to toggle visibility
Data for by sex
|Age (years)||Lower working||Higher working||Intermediate||Lower professional||Higher professional|
|Men (%)||Women (%)||Men (%)||Women (%)||Men (%)||Women (%)||Men (%)||Women (%)||Men (%)||Women (%)|
Office for National Statistics (ONS), Labour Force Survey (LFS)
2014 to 2021 (combined)
What the data measures
The data shows the patterns of upward career mobility into the professional classes (known as intra-generational mobility) for people aged 25 to 44 years in the UK.
Data is shown for the following socio-economic backgrounds:
- higher professional class
- lower professional class
- intermediate class
- higher working class
- lower working classes
These are based on the National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC), set by the ONS.
Things you need to know
The data used is weighted using the LFS probability weights.
Estimates are the average marginal effects derived from a logistic regression model of access to the professional classes by socio-economic background and age, controlling for survey year.
The error bars show 95% confidence intervals. These intervals show where we expect the true value from a population to be 95% of the time. For example, a confidence interval with the range of values from 5 to 10 implies that there is a 95% chance that the true population value is between 5 and 10, and a 5% chance that it is outside of this range. The narrower the confidence interval or range, the more precise the estimate. Read more about confidence intervals
Type of data
Read more in State of the Nation 2023 on GOV.UK.
This file contains the following variables:
- Indicator code
- Indicator name
- Area code
- Area name
- Area type
- Socio-economic background
- Category type
- Lower confidence interval
- Upper confidence interval
- Standard error
- Time period