Mobility outcomes

Mobility outcomes look at where people end up, typically in their 40s or 50s. They look at people’s socio-economic class, income, education and housing.

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Relative occupational mobility trend

Relative occupational mobility has been improving since 2014, with significant differences between 2019 to 2022 and the base year 2014.


Absolute educational mobility

Upwards educational mobility rates are high, reflecting the expansion of school and higher education qualifications since the 1960s.


Absolute housing mobility by sex

Women are significantly less likely than men to own their homes.


Elsewhere in State of the Nation 2023

Intermediate outcomes focus on the experiences of young people as they move through education and into the labour market.

Drivers of social mobility are the background conditions that make social mobility easier.

Read the full report

State of the Nation 2023 on GOV.UK.